These are the full references for published research used in the pattern language.

Agrawala, M., Phan, D., Heiser, J., Haymaker, J., Klinger, J., Hanrahan, P., et al. (2003). Designing Effective Step-By-Step Assembly Instructions. Paper presented at the SIGGRAPH 2003.

Blanz, V., Tarr, M. J., & Bulthoff, H. (1999). What object attributes determine canonical views? Perception, 28, 575-599.

Bussard, N. D. A. (2002). Transforming CAD data into technical illustrations for multimedia applications. Unpublished PhD, Coventry University, Coventry.

Gombrich, E. (1990). Pictorial Instructions. In H. Barlow, C. Blakemore & M. Weston-Smith (Eds.), Images and Understanding: Thoughts about images ideas about understanding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Haaland, A., & Fussell, D. (1976). Communicating with Pictures in Nepal: Report of a study by NDS and UNICEF. Kathmandu: NDS and UNICEF.

Heiser, J., & Tversky, B. (2003). Characterizing Diagrams Produced by Individuals and Dyads. Paper presented at the Workshop on Interactive Graphics, Institute for Contemporary Arts, London.

Martin, J. (1989). Technical Illustration: Materials, Methods & Techniques. London: Macdonald & Co Ltd.

Novick, L. R., & Morse, D. L. (2000). Folding a fish, making a mushroom: The role of diagrams in executing assembly procedures. Memory & Cognition, 28(7), 1242-1256.

Szlichcinski, C. (1984). Factors affecting the comprehension of pictographic instructions. In R. S. Easterby & Z. H.J.G. (Eds.), Information Design (Vol. 37-75). Cichester: Wiley & Sons.

In addition;

  • PAIs from IKEA, Lego and Ban Dai were examined
  • PAI designers from Lego and IKEA were interviewed
  • PAIs were made and tested as part of the doctoral research

Please see the final thesis for a complete list of the sources and references used for the research and the development of this pattern language.

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